Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2001 • VOLUME 7 • №2

FROM THE HISTORY OF VASCULAR SURGERY IN RUSSIA
(THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY)

M.B. Mirsky
N.A. Semashko Research Institute,
Moscow, Russia

The Russian scientists and physicians have contributed greatly to the development of vascular surgery in the first half of the XX century. As long as the first decades interesting investigations concerned with vascular suture and angioplasty were accomplished. A study was made of the problems of collateral circulation (V.A. Oppel et al., 1911). Work was carried out in the field of the typical anatomy of the arteries (V.I. Shevkunenko et al., 1922), of the reserve potentialities of the circulatory system in patients with blood flow disorders (V.N. Tonkov et al., 1926-1928). Ye.Yu. Kramarenko (1926) advanced an original idea of the establishment of a vascular anastomosis between the internal thoracic artery and mesenteric artery of the small bowel. The connective forceps for suture application to the vessels without blood flow arrest were devised (G.N. Shpuga, 1934). Later vascular suture appliances were worked out (K.F. Gudov et al., 1946-1948). Increasingly new modifications of the manual vascular suture were emerging in addition to the above-Indicated accomplishments. Beginning from the 30s operations on blood vessels were introduced into surgical practice including field surgery in the Second World War years. At the boundary of the middle of the century a great impact on the progress in vascular surgery was produced by the scientific and technical revolution, advances in physics, chemistry, cybernetics and electronics. That period witnessed an intensive development of reconstructive surgery.

KEY WORDS: history of vascular surgery.

P. 120

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