Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2009 • VOLUME 15 • №2

SEQUENCE OF VENOUS BLOOD FLOW ALTERATIONS IN PATIENTS AFTER RECENTLY ENDURED ACUTE THROMBOSIS OF LOWER-LIMB DEEP VEINS BASED ON THE FINDINGS OF ULTRASONOGRAPHIC DUPLEX SCANNING

Tarkovskii A.A., Zudin A.M., Aleksandrova E.S.
Department of Vascular Surgery of the Scientific Research Centre, I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy,
Moscow, Russia

This study was undertaken to investigate the sequence of alterations in the venous blood flow to have occurred within the timeframe of one year after sustained acute thrombosis of the lower-limb deep veins, which was carried out using the standard technique of ultrasonographic duplex scanning. A total of thirty-two 24-to-62-year-old patients presenting with newly onset acute phlebothrombosis were followed up. All the patients were sequentially examined at 2 days, 3 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after the manifestation of the initial clinical signs of the disease. Amongst the parameters to determine were the patency of the deep veins and the condition of the valvular apparatus of the deep, superficial and communicant veins. According to the obtained findings, it was as early as at the first stage of the phlebohaemodynamic alterations after the endured thrombosis, i.e., during the acute period of the disease, that seven (21.9%) patients were found to have developed valvular insufficiency of the communicant veins of the cms, manifesting itself in the formation of a horizontal veno-venous reflux, and 6 months later, these events were observed to have occurred in all the patients examined (100%). Afterwards, the second stage of the phlebohaemodynamic alterations was, simultaneously with the process of recanalization of the thrombotic masses in the deep veins, specifically characterized by the formation of valvular insufficiency of the latter, manifesting itself in the form of the development of a deep vertical veno-venous reflux, which was revealed at month six after the onset of the disease in 56.3% of the examined subjects, to be then jbserved after 12 months in 93.8% of the patients involved. Recanalization of thrombotic masses was noted to commence 3 months after the onset of thrombosis in twelve (37.5%) patients, and after 12 months it was seen to ensue in all the patients (100%), eventually ending in complete restoration of the patency of the affected veins (to have occurred in 25% of the cases). Of special interest was the finding that insufficiency of the ostial valve of the great saphenous vein, manifesting itself by a superficial vertical veno-venous reflux, was revealed only in two (6.25%) patients examined 12 months after the onset of the disease, which may be regarded as the third stage of the phlebohaemodynamic alterations. That low prevalence and no evidence of varicose transformation of superficial veins appear to suggest an important part they play in compensation of the venous outflow from the extremity affected.

KEY WORDS: acute venous thrombosis, ultrasonographic duplex scanning, post-thrombophlebic disease, recanalization, horizontal veno-venous reflux, deep vertical veno-venous reflux, superficial vertical veno-venous reflux.

P. 71-74

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