Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2009 • VOLUME 15 • №2

HAEMODYNAMIC ROLE OF BLOOD-PLASMA CIRCULATING CELL-FREE DNA AND CONTAINED THEREIN HIGH-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT CPG-RICH FRACTION IN PATHOGENESIS OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND THEROSCLEROSIS OBLITERANS OF CAROTID ARTERIES

Konorova I.L., Veiko N.N., Ershova E.S., Antelava A.L., Chechetkin A.O.
Laboratory of Experimental Pathology of the Nervous System,
Department of Radiodiagnosis Federal Facility Scientific Centre for Neurology under the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences,
Laboratory of Molecular Biology,
Federal Facility Medicogenetic Scientific Centre under the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences,
Moscow, Russia

The hydrodynamic resistance (HR) of blood is one of the components of the total peripheral resistance. High-molecular-weight DNA appears to decrease the HR in accordance with the Toms’s effect. The present study was undertaken to investigate the HR and properties of cell-free DNA circulating in the blood plasma (hereinafter referred to as pDNA) of the control donors, patients suffering from either arterial hypertension (AH) alone or that combined with atherosclerotic lesions of the carotid arteries (CAs). Within the normal concentrations of pDNA, we revealed an inverse dependence of the HR thereupon and upon the content in pDNA of the high-molecular-weight CpG-rich fraction (CpG-DNA), i.e., a transcribed region of the ribosomal repeat (rDNA).

A decrease or an increase in the pDNA concentration in all the patients examined was accompanied by an elevation of the rDNA concentration in the blood plasma. Exceeding a certain level thereof appeared to give rise to an increase in both the HR and arterial pressure (AP). Patients presenting with degree I essential AH were found to have a decreased endonuclease activity of the blood plasma, with the pDNA concentration being more than two fold higher with no change in the rDNA content. Their HR appeared to be increased (р<0.01). Patients diagnosed as having degree II AH were characterized by a normal or decreased level of pDNA and an elevated content of pDNA, with the HR being slightly lowered. In patients presenting with atherosclerosis obliterans of the ACs, the initial manifestations of the lesions of the carotid arteries were typically revealed on the background of a lowered HR (p<0.05). All patients suffering from atherosclerotic lesions of the ACs could be subdivided into two groups, which in our opinion is probably associated with different various mechanisms of destructive damage to the arterial intima.

In some of them, the pDNA concentration does not differ from the normal values, but in its composition, there is an increased content of rDNA, elevating as obliteration of the vessels’ lumen increases, with the HR being decreased. The majority of them have degree II AH. In others, the pDNA concentration is by an order of magnitude higher than the normal values, while the rDNA content in pDNA is decreased, with the HR being elevated. Most of them have degree III AH. Pronounced and rough stenoses take an asymptomatic course in patients with decreased values of the HR and a slightly elevated level of pDN A and/or rDNA in the blood plasma. A higher level thereof leads to a rise in the HR and to the appearance of neurological symptomatology. Hence, CpG-DNA circulating in the composition of pDNA is a constantly acting endogenous blood factor decreasing the HR (the Toms’s effect) and normalizing AP under physiological conditions, being however a cause of their increase and impairment of blood circulation in the pathogenesis of AH and atherosclerosis obliterans of the С As.

KEY WORDS: arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, cell-free DNA, ribosomal genes, haemodynamic resistance, Toms’s effect.

P. 19-28

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