Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2011 • VOLUME 17 • №3

Participation of leucocytes in pathogenesis of primary forms of lower limb chronic venous disease

Bogachev V.Yu., Golovanova O.V., Sergeeva N.A., Kuznetsov A.N.
Scientific Research Institute of Clinical Surgery at the Russian State Medical University Chair of Faculty Surgery with the Course of Cardiovascular Surgery and Surgical Phlebology at the Department for Advanced Medical Training of the Russian State Medical University, Moscow, Russia

Objective. The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis on participation of WBCs in damaging the venous wall in patients presenting with primary forms of lower limb chronic venous diseases LLCVD.

Materials and methods. The study included a total of fifteen consecutively selected patients (13 women and 2 men) diagnosed as having grade C2-C-4 LLCVD according to the CEAP classification. Static loading (30 minutes in the sitting position) was followed by simultaneous sampling of blood from the varicose vein of the cms and ulnar vein. The total blood count including determination of both the absolute values and percentage of blood formed elements was performed using the automated haematological counter «Advia 7» (Bayer, USA). The obtained findings were statistically processed using the Microsoft Office Excel software by means of the pared two-sample τ-test for the average values.

Results. The number of leukocytes and their subpopulations in blood samples obtained from the crural varicose veins turned out to be significantly less as compared with that in blood sampled from the ulnar vein. Thus, blood sampled from the crural varicose veins demonstrated a decrease in the counts of WBC by 9.6% in fourteen (93.3%) patients, that of neutrophils by 4.9% in twelve (80%) patients, that of lymphocytes by 16,8% in fifteen (100%) patients, and that oi monocytes by 24% in twelve (80%) patients. The mentioned differences were statistically significant at α=0.05. The eosinophilic counts in blood sampled from the upper and lower extremities appeared similar in 66.7% of the examined subjects. In 33.3% of cases the eosinophilic count in blood samples from crural varicose vein was by 16.7% lower than that for blood samples form the ulnar vein. No differences for the rest parameters of the clinical blood count were revealed.

Conclusion. The absolute lymphocytic count in the blood samples taken after the 30-minute static loading from the crural varicose veins was significantly lower as compared with that in blood sampled form the cubital vein. The counts for RBCs and blood platelets, as well as other qualitative haematological indices (haemoglobin, haematocrit, average volume of the RBC, erythrocytic diameter, etc.) in blood sampled form crural and ulnar veins in the same patient were identical, thus strongly suggesting the lack of either haemodynamic or haemorheological phenomena capable of leading to redistribution of the blood formed elements in varicose veins. Hence a decrease in the counts of leukocytes and their subpopulations in blood sampled from crural varicose veins might be associated with the «leukocytic trap» phenomenon.

KEY WORDS: lower limb chronic venous disease (LLCVD), varicose disease, leukocytic aggression.

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