Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2019 • VOLUME 25 • №3

Method of determining disease severity in women with pelvic varicose veins

Akhmetzyanov R.V., Bredikhin R.A., Fomina E.E., Ignatyev I.M.

Interregional Clinical and Diagnostic Centre, Department of Cardiovascular and Endovascular Surgery, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, Russia

Background. Using assessment scales in clinical and research practice is one of fundamental reference methods of evaluation in human pathological states. Pelvic vein varicosity is an independent nosological entity within the framework of chronic vein diseases. Currently, the clinical methods of assessment in the aspect of a patient-oriented approach in this type of disease are largely understudied and still not duly defined.

Objective. The study was aimed at analyzing clinical outcomes of surgical treatment in the form of resection of the ovarian vein in female patients with pelvic varicose veins, based on the developed specialized scale of clinical assessment of disease severity.

Patients and methods. We carried out an open prospective study of efficacy of resection of the ovarian vein in 37 women with pelvic varicose veins. The main criterion for assessment was a clinical method of determining manifestations of the disease by means of the Pelvic Venous Clinical Severity Score.

Results. According to the Pelvic Venous Clinical Severity Score, improvement of the condition was observed in 36 (97.3%) operated female patients and 1 (2.7%) woman turned out to have negative dynamics. The median of the composite score of the severity scale decreased form 11.78±5.06 points to 5.22±3.19 (p<0.05). The total positive gradient of the score amounted to 6.57±3.65 points. A significant decrease in manifestations of severity was observed for 9 of the 10 clinical descriptors of the disease.

Conclusion. The use of the suggested scale in practical assessment of the results made it possible to prove high efficacy of resection of the ovarian vein in women with pelvic varicose veins in the form of decreased intensity of the disease’s symptomatology. The VCSS is an easy-to-fill-in tool, taking up little time, ensuring no influence of the physician’s personality on the answers, presenting quantitative expression of therapeutic results.

KEY WORDS: Venous Clinical Severity Score, pelvic varicose veins, chronic venous disease, questionnaire.

P. 87

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