Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2019 • VOLUME 25 • №4

Remote results of myocardial endovascular revascularization in patients with low ejection fraction

Bazylev V.V., Shmatkov M.G., Pianzin A.I.

Federal Centre of Cardiovascular Surgery under the RF Ministry of Public Health, Penza, Russia

Despite the present-day level of the development of cardiac surgery, a low left ventricular ejection fraction (LLVEF) is an important independent predictor of high complication rates and increased in-hospital mortality related to open surgical interventions. The method of myocardial endovascular revascularization is associated with the lowest rates of both intraoperative and early postoperative complications. However, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) does not always make it possible to perform anatomically complete myocardial revascularization. Comparisons of the remote results of anatomically complete and incomplete revascularization of the myocardium in the world literature seem to be extremely scarce and ambiguous, with a low ejection fraction in the majority of cases being an exclusion criterion. In order to elucidate these problems we carried out a prospective, single-centre study, including a total of 151 patients suffering from ischaemic heart disease with a left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 35%, who were subjected to myocardial endovascular revascularization. The patients were divided into 2 groups: those with complete (n=87) and incomplete (n=64) revascularization, followed by comparing the alterations in the echocardiographic parameters, assessing the incidence of repeat myocardial revascularization due to a relapse of the clinical course of angina pectoris, and the survival rate in the remote period. The obtained findings were suggestive of efficacy of both complete and incomplete endovascular revascularization of the myocardium in patients with a low left ventricular ejection fraction (LLVEF), with no statistically significant differences between the patients of both groups in the examined parameters revealed.

KEY WORDS: ischaemic heart disease, low ejection fraction, remote results, myocardial endovascular revascularization, incomplete revascularization.

P. 165

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