Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2021 • VOLUME 27 • №2

Efficacy of combination of needle extract, hesperidin and vitamin C in treatment of chronic venous diseases

Shaidakov E.V.1, Rosukhovskiy D.A.2

1) Department of Hospital Surgery, Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk,
2) Laboratory of Physiology of Visceral Systems named after K.M. Bykov, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Background. In Russia, physicians are virtually unaware of drugs based on needle extract. However, abroad, saponins and, in particular, a combined preparation containing needle extract, hesperidin and vitamin C is one of drugs of choice, if not the leading medication in treatment of venous oedemas and other venous symptoms.

Objective. The authors conducted a systematic review of the Russian-and English-language literature using the following search terms: saponins, hesperidin, needle, ruscus, ruscogenin (and their Russian equivalents), each of which was entered in a combination with the word «venous» or its Russian equivalent, respectively.

Results. Ruscogenin and neoruscogenin from the root of needle possess anti-inflammatory properties and induce venous wall contraction, thus making it possible to use needle extract in treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. It was experimentally determined that needle extract stimulates vein contractility, decreasing permeability of the venous wall, influencing extracellular matrix proteins, inhibiting leukocyte migration through regulation of both proteins and matrix ribonucleic acid.

Analysed herein are the results of original studies of a combination of needle extract, flavonoid hesperidin methyl chalcone and ascorbic acid, also examining in detail the mechanism of action conditioned by synergism of pharmacological effects of these components. This is followed by discussing the place of saponins in the classification of phlebotropic drugs and comparing efficacy of needle root extract with that of other phlebotonics.

Conclusions. It was experimentally determined that a combination of needle extract, hesperidin and vitamin C possesses multiple additive phlebotropic effects. According to clinical trials, it leads to relief of most symptoms and a decrease in the ankle volume (high level of evidence 1A), being not inferior by clinical efficiency and duration of action to the best-known flavonoids, whereas by the venotonizing effect, decreased permeability of the vascular wall, and inhibition of leukocytic aggression even superior thereto.

Further experimental and clinical studies of efficacy of this combination for various forms of chronic venous diseases and venous thromboses are warranted.

KEY WORDS: venous oedema, venous symptoms, venoactive drugs, venotonics, needle extract, flavonoids, hesperidin, saponins, ascorbic acid, norepinephrine.

P. 90

« Back