Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2011 • VOLUME 17 • №2

Damage to craniocerebral nerves in reconstructive surgery of carotid arteries

Karimov Sh.I., Sunnatov R.D., Irnazarov A.A., Alidzhanov Kh.K. Akhmatov A.M., Yulbarisov A.A., Ganiev D.A., Asrarov U.A.
Chair of Faculty and Hospital Surgery of the Therapeutic Department Tashkent Medical Academy,
Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

Reconstructive operations on aortic arch branches appear to be the most efficient method of preventing acute and chronic impairments of cerebral circulation. Iatrogenic lesions of the craniocerebral nerves deteriorate the course of the immediate, and especially the remote postoperative period, decreasing quality of life and social status of the patients after endured carotid reconstructions. The authors analysed herein the outcomes in a total of 562 patients after endured carotid artery surgery for atherosclerosis or pathological tortuosity. The authors examined the incidence rate, patterns and risk factor of damage to the craniocerebral nerves in all the patients. Comprehensive prevention of damage to the craniocerebral nerves was carried out in a total of 412 patients from the Study Group and was aimed at excluding or decreasing intensity of the effect of the eliminable risk factors. The proposed measures made it possible to decrease the rate of lesions of craniocerebral nerves from 18.7 to 6.9% and to substantially improve the postoperative patients’ quality of life.

KEY WORDS: damage to craniocerebral nerves, carotid arteries, surgical management.

P. 110

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