Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2012 • VOLUME 18 • №4

Prevalence of an abnormal ankle-brachial index in the republic of Tatarstan

Maksimov A.V.1,2, Gaisina E.A.2, Plotnikov M.V.1,2, Nuretdinov R.M.1, Feiskhanov A.K.1

1) Department of Vascular Surgery Republican Clinical Hospital under the Ministry of Public Health of the Republic of Tatarstan
2) Chair of Cardiology and Angiology, Kazan State Medical Academy, Federal Agency for Public Health and Social Development, Kazan, Russia

The ankle-brachial index (ABI) was determined in a total of 1,751 employees of industrial enterprises of the Republic of Tatarstan aged from 45 to 84 years old (mean age 55,3±0,14 years). An abnormal ABI was registered in 5,1% of the examined people (4,1% in the age group from 45 to 55 years, 5,4% in 56-65-year-old patients, and 12,1% in subjects over 65 years (p=0,001). An abnormal ABI was registered in 8.3% of men, and 3,1% of women (p=0,000), in 4,1% of rural population, 5,9% (p=0,138) of urban population, in 14,8% (p=0,000) of smokers, and in 45,4% (p=0,000) of patients with a history of a cardiovascular event.

KEY WORDS: ankle-brachial index, screening, peripheral arterial diseases.

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