Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2018 • VOLUME 24 • №1

Clinical efficacy of reconstructive operations on the third (V3) segment of the vertebral artery

Vachev A.N., Dmitriev O.V., Stepanov M.Yu., Tereshina O.V.

Samara State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Samara, Russia

Presented herein are the results of a prospective cohort study of clinical efficacy of medicamentous treatment and operations of shunting to the third segment (V3) of the vertebral artery in patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI).

The study included a total of 60 patients with pronounced clinical manifestations of VBI and concomitant lesions of the V1 and V2 segments of the vertebral arteries. The patients were found to have no significant involvement of the carotid bifurcation. At the first stage, all patients during 12 months were receiving a course of optimal medicamentous therapy. Clinical improvement was observed in only 3 (5%) patients, and they were not subjected to surgery. The remaining 57 patients with no improvement after the course of conservative therapy underwent a second-stage treatment consisting in shunting to the third (V3) segment of the vertebral artery. Of these, 5 patients underwent arterial bypass grafting and 52 patients endured autovenous shunting.

In the early postoperative period one patient developed thrombosis of the autovenous shunt. This patient died of repeat stroke into the trunk of the brain. In 56 patients the shunts were patent. Clinical improvement was observed in all 56 patients during 3-month follow-up. By month 12, all 5 patients with autoarterial shunts developed shunt thrombosis and were found to have a return of the clinical course of VBI, with no events of either acute impairment of cerebral circulation or transitory ischaemic attacks. We managed to mitigate the clinical course of VBI in 51 (85%) patients with autovenous shunts, with this effect persisting for 12 months and more after the operation. The differences between the results of medicamentous and surgical treatment were statistically significant (p≤0.01).

During 3 years of follow up the achieved improvement persisted in 88.7% of the surgically treated patients and during 7 years in 78.3% of patients, with the 3- and 7-year shunt patency rate amounting to 90.2 and 88.2%, respectively.

KEY WORDS: V3 segment of the vertebral artery, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, vertebral artery, reconstructive operation, shunting, medicamentous treatment.

P. 145

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