Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2020 • VOLUME 26 • №2

Blood loss control during endoscopic vein harvesting for myocardial revascularization in patients with acute coronary syndrome

Zatolokin V.V., Lomaev M.A., Vechersky Yu.Yu., Abdimitalip U.Zh., Kozlov B.N.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Scientific Research Institute of Cardiology, Tomsk National Research Medical Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia

From 5 to 10% of patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome and receiving dual antiplatelet therapy require surgical myocardial revascularization. Dual antiplatelet therapy considerably increases the risk of surgical bleeding. Endoscopic harvesting of the great saphenous vein is a technique that can make it possible to decrease the injury and to minimize blood loss.

The study included a total of 32 patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome and undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. They were subdivided into two groups: Group One (study group) was composed of 17 patients subjected to endoscopic harvesting of the great saphenous vein in the flap. Group Two (comparison group) consisted of 15 patients undergoing an open technique of harvesting of the vein in the flap. During the entire perioperative period, the amount of discharge through drainages from the mediastinum did not differ significantly (958±173 ml for Group One patients and 1005±165 ml for Group Two patients, p=0.47). The amount of discharge from the bed of the great saphenous vein on the lower extremities in Group One patients turned out to be less than in Group Two patients (443±37 ml vs. 570±77 ml, p=0.04). A higher haemoglobin content in the total blood count was observed in the postoperative period in the Study Group patients (90±30 g/l vs. 74±21 g/l, respectively, p=0.03). The necessity to use donor blood preparations in Group One patients turned out to be less (transfusion of erythrocytic mass 0 and 2 (0; 2) doses, p=0.001; fresh frozen plasma 2 (0; 3) and 5 (3; 8) doses, respectively, p=0.0001). The duration of hospital stay amounted to 8±1.1 days in the study group and to 15±4.5 days in the comparison group (p<0.0001).

Hence, this approach makes it possible to control blood loss in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on the background of dual antiplatelet therapy, to decrease the amount of donor blood, and to reduce the length of hospital stay.

KEY WORDS: acute coronary syndrome, great saphenous vein, coronary artery bypass grafting, minimally invasive surgery, endoscopy.

P. 162

« Back