Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2020 • VOLUME 26 • №4

Influence of age factor and age-associated predictors on remote results of coronary artery bypass grafting

Adilova I.G.1, Abdurakhmanov M.M.2, Abdurakhmanov Z.M.2

1) Department of Cardiology, Tashkent Institute of Advanced Medical Training, Tashkent,
2) Department of Surgical Diseases and Resuscitation, Bukhara State Medical Institute, Bukhara, Uzbekistan

This study was undertaken to analyse long-term survival and its predictors, depending on age of patients who underwent isolated coronary aortic bypass grafting.

Our study included a total of 177 consecutive patients operated on during 2014. For the purpose of statistical analysis, the patients were divided into two groups according to their age at the time of surgery: <60 years (n=96) and >60 years (n=81). The mean age in the groups <60 years and >60 years amounted to 54.5±2.9 years and 63.5±2.5 years, respectively. All data were obtained from the patients’ medical histories, outpatient follow-up records, and operative reports.

The average duration of follow-up in the overall cohort amounted to 5.1±1.7 years. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, peripheral artery disease, and acute impairment of cerebral circulation were of significantly less common occurrence in the younger patient cohort. However, the frequency of a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m2, unstable angina, previously endured myocardial infarction and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in the preoperative period appeared to be significantly higher in this population. At 5 years after surgery, freedom from survival amounted to 94.8% in patients younger than 60 years (5 patients) and to 90.1% (8 patients) in those aged 60 years and older (p<0.001). Based on the findings of a multivariate analysis, independent predictors of mortality turned out to be a history of myocardial infarction, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lesions of peripheral arteries and the trunk of the left coronary artery. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.834 (p<0.001, 95% CI: 0.724-0.902).

Despite the fact that coronary artery bypass grafting is an effective method of treatment of ischaemic heart disease for both groups, special attention should be paid to the development and improvement of preventive strategies aimed at decreasing the impact of specific risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as diet, lifestyle, weight control, and more aggressive medical therapy in younger patients. It is necessary to elaborate a reasonable strategy and optimization of the choice of an optimal approach to myocardial revascularization for elderly patients with multivessel and truncal lesions of coronary arteries, which are potential risk factors of death in the postoperative period.

KEY WORDS: ischaemic heart disease, coronary artery bypass grafting, multivessel lesion, revascularization, coronary artery.

P. 167

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