Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2020 • VOLUME 26 • №3

Role of intraoperative flowmetric assessment of coronary artery bypass grafts established on-pump

Vechersky Yu.Yu., Zatolokin V.V., Kozlov B.N., Panfilov D.S.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Research Institute of Cardiology, Tomsk National Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia

Objective. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of three-stage measurement of the transit-time flow through coronary bypass grafts with the help of flowmetry for early verification of technical errors during on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Patients and methods. We performed an intraoperative analysis of 214 bypass grafts with the help of three-stage flowmetry. The first stage of measuring was performed on-pump with and without the proximal loop test, the second stage of measurement was performed after weaning the patient off the heart-lung machine, and the third stage of measurement was carried out after heparin inactivation prior to chest wound closure.

Results. Amongst the 214 transplants regarded as functioning, intraoperative flowmetry revealed insufficient blood flow in 9 (4.2%) cases. Technical surgical errors were confirmed in these shunts during revision thereof. In 6 (2.8%) of the 9 such grafts we detected non-optimal parameters of flowmetry during the first measurement (while the heart was stopped); of these, in 5 (2.3%) cases non-optimal blood flow was verified with the use of the proximal loop test on the target coronary artery and in 1 (0.47%) case without it. In another one (0.47%) of the nine such transplants, inadequate blood flow was revealed during the second measurement, which confirmed technical errors in proximal anastomoses. In a further 2 (0.93%) of the 9 such transplants we observed low parameters of blood flow during the third measurement, which was related to kinking of the shunts due to their excessive length. All surgical errors were corrected immediately at the stage of verification thereof.

Conclusion. The strategy of three-stage assessment of flowmetry makes it possible to ensure and confirm adequate functionality of coronary artery bypass grafts at all stages of the operation, thus allowing timely verification and immediate correction of any technical problems with coronary artery bypass grafts.

KEY WORDS: coronary flowmetry, functionality of grafts, coronary artery bypass grafting.

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